A sea breeze or onshore breeze is a gentle wind that develops over bodies of water near land due to differences in air pressure created by their different heat capacity. It is a common occurrence along coasts during the morning as solar radiation heats the land more quickly than the water. A land breeze or offshore breeze is the reverse effect, caused by land cooling more quickly than water in the evening. The sea breeze dissipates and the wind flows from the land towards the sea. Both are important factors in coastal regions' prevailing winds.
Offshore wind refers more generally to any wind over open water. Offshore wind farms take advantage of the higher wind speeds available over the sea, but are usually placed near coasts to reduce costs and to take advantage of daily flows of sea and land breezes. Nearshore wind farms are those closest to land, while others are further out to sea.
The sea has a greater heat capacity than land, so the surface of the sea warms up more slowly than the land's surface. As the temperature of the surface of the land rises, the land heats the air above it by conduction. The warm air is less dense and so it expands, decreasing the pressure over the land near the coast. The air above the sea has a relatively higher pressure, causing air near the coast to flow towards the lower pressure over land. The strength of the sea breeze is directly proportional to the temperature difference between the land and the sea. If a strong offshore wind is present, that is, a wind greater than 8 knots (15km/h) and opposing the direction of a possible sea breeze, the sea breeze is not likely to develop.
The authorities have allowed the two offshore wind fields to have up to 1,500MW and 3,000MW offshore wind capacity respectively ... Earlier this month, BP agreed to join Statkraft and AkerOffshoreWind’s consortium to bid for developing offshore wind energy in the Norwegian North Sea.
“We see Norway as interesting both in the perspective of supplying enough renewable energy to Europa and to develop floating offshore wind solutions that can become commercially viable,” said Hessel de Jong, Shell’s general manager for offshore wind in Europe.
... and to develop floating offshore wind solutions that can become commercial. Also from a global perspective, we see Lyse and BKK as valuable partners with expertise in hydropower and grid solutions,” said Hessel de Jong, who heads Shell's offshore wind business in Europe.
... floating offshore wind solutions that can become commercially viable. To us, Lyse and BKK are also valuable partners in a global context, with expertise in hydropower and grid infrastructure, said Hessel de Jong, Shell’s general manager for offshore wind in Europe.
The video detailed how wind is the second largest source of power in Europe and is home to some of the largest renewable energy projects in the world including the world’s largest offshore wind farm capable of powering nearly 600,000 homes in the UK. Wind power constitutes 7% of ...
... a long track record in delivering major infrastructure projects in challenging environments – a key requirement given the growing scale and complexity of the next generation of fixed bottom and floating offshore wind farm projects,” said Edward Northam, head of GIGEurope.
Ørsted has offshore wind assets in Europe, North America and Asia...Today, Ørsted is one of the world’s largest developers of offshore wind power, with a commitment to be carbon ... Underwater rocks are threatening the failure of critical cables at 10 of the group’s offshore wind farms.
Bilfinger Salamis UK has teamaed up with Germany’s SabikOffshore to upgrade and retrofit offshore wind marking systems in the UK and NorthwestEurope... Bilfinger has diversified into the offshore wind market, ...
BP is set to join Statkraft and AkerOffshoreWind’s consortium to bid for developing offshore wind energy in the Norwegian North Sea ... “Strong growth, decreasing technology costs and the involvement of industrial and financial players all indicate the rising role that offshore wind will play in Europe.
A constellation of 5,400 offshore wind turbines meets a growing portion of Europe’s energy needs ...Today, it’s the world’s largest offshore wind energy developer and exceeds the market value of oil giants Occidental Petroleum and Italy’s Eni ... focus Ørsted applied to offshore wind.
Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsSunday shows preview ...Collins said the group, which includes five senators from each party, is considering three “pay fors” ... “They are literally free riders because they're not paying any gas tax ... Administration proposes its first offshore wind lease sale In Europe, Biden seeks to reassert U.S ... ....